While these policy measures are necessary to help to keep the rate of unemployment and the number of bankruptcies well below the levels of the 2008 global financial crisis, the policy discussions lack a long-term vision of transforming Japan to an environmentally sustainable, resilient economy. The lack of green recovery strategies is surprising given that Japan’s total losses and insured losses caused by a series of natural catastrophes, such as typhoons and floods, reached a world record high in 2019.
A lack of a sense of urgency about the related global warming issue is clear from the government’s inability to raise its nationally determined contribution (NDC) target this March despite growing pleas from the United Nations and environmental activists to make it in line with the 2015 Paris climate accord, which calls for keeping the increase in global average temperature to well below 2 degrees Celsius or closer to 1.5 C above pre-industrial levels by the end of this century.
As a result, not only did the NDC target of cutting greenhouse gas emissions by 26 percent by 2030 relative to the 2013 levels, as committed in 2015, remain intact, but also the 2050 emission target stayed ambiguous without detailed plans and a specific timetable to achieve carbon neutrality.
In early July, Japan’s government made announcements on energy policy in the face of growing international pressure. Those included front-loading the plan to phase out inefficient or emissions-intensive coal-fired power plants to from around 2050 to around 2030, imposing tougher criteria on exports of coal-fueled power plants to developing countries and initiating offshore wind farms.
Nonetheless, such a piecemeal approach lacks a strong determination to promote carbon neutrality. Hiroshi Kajiyama, the minister of economy, trade and Industry, did not signal a drastic shift from the current energy policy — which will continue to depend on fossil fuels for more than half the total electric power supply over the next decade — by dismissing growing calls for closing all coal plants and leaving a plan to increase the number of high efficiency coal plants in the future.
The most contentious issue for the government is the growing likelihood that the NDC goal might fail to be met due to an inability to increase the nuclear power ratio in total electricity supply…
Read More: Time for Japan to present a credible energy policy