Alex Wong | Getty Images
Biden’s speech would be the latest scheduled State of the Union address since 1934, after Congress shifted the opening of its sessions to January.
Presidents are required by Article Two of the Constitution to “give to the Congress information of the State of the Union, and recommend to their consideration such measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient.”
Biden spoke to a joint session of Congress after he entered office last year, but the remarks are not considered a State of the Union address until the president’s second calendar year in office.
Pelosi invited Biden to address Congress as the White House tries to contain staggering Covid-19 infections fueled by the omicron variant, curb inflation and sustain an economic recovery that saw the unemployment rate fall to 3.9% in December.
Congressional Democrats in the coming weeks will try to pass his Build Back Better bill, which would invest in social programs and climate policy, along with voting-rights legislation.
Presidents deliver State of the Union addresses in the House of Representatives. The Senate, presidential Cabinet members and Supreme Court justices attend, as well as special guests of the president and others.
“Thank you for your bold vision and patriotic leadership which have guided America out of crisis and into an era of great progress, as we not only recover from the pandemic but Build Back Better!” Pelosi, D-Calif., wrote in the letter to Biden.
“Indeed, this past year has been historic: with the life-saving American Rescue Plan, once-in-a-century Bipartisan Infrastructure Law and, soon, the truly transformational Build Back Better Act!” she continued.
“In that spirit, I am writing to invite you to address a Joint Session of Congress on Tuesday, March 1, to share your vision of the State of the Union,” Pelosi wrote.
CNBC has reached out to the White House to request comment on the invitation.
The first two presidents, George Washington and John Adams, gave the State of the Union in a personal address to Congress. But the third president, Thomas Jefferson, suspended that practice and gave his evaluation of the state of the union in writing.
Subsequent presidents continued Jefferson’s practice until Woodrow Wilson resumed giving the address in person in 1913.
President Jimmy Carter was the last president to deliver his State of the Union message in a letter to Congress. He did so in 1981, shortly before President Ronald Reagan took office.
Read More: First Joe Biden State of the Union address set for March 1